Sexing guinea fowl is no easy task, but it’s important to know the ratio of males to females in your flock. This article is here to explain a couple of ways you can accurately sex them.
The best method of sexing guinea fowl is to listen to them. The males and females make very distinct and different sounds. You will need to wait until they are a little older and have had time to mature before this method will work, but it is accurate.
Your guinea fowl must be at least 8 weeks old before you try to sex them based on the sounds they make. However, be aware that sometimes female guinea fowl don’t make any noises until they are much older.
The male guinea fowl will make a sound that is 1-syllable and sounds like ‘Chek!’ and might also sound like a chirp or even a yelp. They repeat this sound at differing intervals. The sound has even been compared to the sound of a machine gun. While female guinea fowl also make the ‘Chek!’ sound, they also make another, 2-syllable sound. Most of the time, the first syllable will be short while the second one will be long and rising in pitch. It sounds like she’s saying ‘buck-wheat,’ ‘buck-wheat’!
Before we talk about how this method works, let me explain exactly what the helmet and wattle is. The wattle is a little flap of skin that hangs off of the guinea fowl’s neck or head. A helmet is the horn-like piece on the top of the head. When it comes to the male guinea fowls, their wattles are long, large, and usually folded up towards the jaw. A female, on the other hand, has a wattle that is small and usually flat against their jaws.
Both male and female fowls have helmets and they can be hard to sex if you are going just by that, but if you have an exceptionally good eye, you will notice that the male’s helmet is long and fat while a female’s helmet is shorter and skinny.
With that being said, you shouldn’t count just on this method. In my experience, the most accurate and reliable way to tell the difference between male and female guinea fowl is to listen to their sounds. Once you hear the unmistakeable “buck-wheat” call, you will know you have a hen for sure.
Just a bird nerd sharing what I’ve learned by keeping guinea fowl. I love keeping guinea fowl and have an interest in online marketing so I started this site to share my knowledge with others and see if I could create a successful website.